Have you noticed a bit of blood on the apple after you took a bite or in the sink when you brushed your teeth lately? Those blood traces can be one of the initial warning signs that you have got Gingivitis.

Gingivitis, commonly known as bleeding gums or gum inflammation, is a dental condition caused by the buildup of plaque in the gums. The bacteria, then, feed on the plaque causing infection in your gums. Plaque is mainly made up of mucus, bacteria and residues of food. Most of the plaque can be removed by regular brushing but if the bacteria remain for more than three days then it begins to build a wall between the gum tissue and the teeth called tartar. Only a dental professional can remove the tartar from your teeth.

Gum Problems

Symptoms of Gingivitis

  • Your gums turn sensitive to touch.
  • Your gums turn bright red or purple in color.
  • Bleeding gums especially while you brush them.
  • Your gums start to recede.
  • Inflammation of the gums.

Causes of Gingivitis

Gingivitis is caused due to plaque building up and not being removed. Hence, bacteria present in this plaque produce toxins and chemicals, which destroy the gum tissues.


Treatment of Gingivitis

The ultimate goal to cure gingivitis is to control the infection and, gradually, get rid of it.

  • Deep cleaning:

    The first range of treatment is in-depth cleaning. This type of cleaning is done under the gum line. Dentists carry out another type of cleaning called scaling. In this process, the tartar is scraped off from both above and below the gum line.

  • Antibiotic gel:

    This gel is evenly spread out on gum pockets after a deep cleaning in order to control infection.

  • Oral antibiotics:

    If the infections turn serious then you can ingest prescribed tablets or capsule that control the infection.

  • Antibiotic microspheres or Antiseptic chips:

    You insert these tiny gels or particles into pockets in your gum, and they release medication slowly over time to help reduce the size of the pocket and get rid of bacteria.

Gum Bleeding

  • Surgery:

    If methods like deep cleaning cant manage the problem then your dentist may recommend surgeries like:

  • Flap surgery:

    In this surgery, your gums are gently lifted up so the dental surgeon can get to see the tartar under your gum line. Then he stitches your gum so that it is quite tight around your tooth to prevent any more tartar from being formed.

  • Gum graft surgery:

    In this surgery, your dental surgeon collects tissues from another side of your mouth such as your palate and conceals any exposed tooth root in order to prevent any kind of decay or bone loss.

  • Antimicrobial mouthwash:

    Your dentist may also prescribe antimicrobial mouthwash, which you can use on daily basis and make it’s a part of your daily oral hygiene regime. You gargle this in your mouth as part of your daily brushing routine to help control bacteria. It’s available both by prescription and over-the-counter.

Eating a healthy diet fortified with minerals and vitamins can aid in prevention of gum disease and other oral conditions. Also, brush twice a day in order to maintain your oral health.

Remember, Don’t rush when you brush!